incidence of HIV/AIDS in Baja California Sur is lower than Baja
California to the north, the disease is a growing problem across the
state. In 2003, the number of men dying of HIV/AIDS in Baja
California Sur exceeded the national average. Among women dying
from HIV/AIDS, Baja California Sur had the highest incidence rate in
The stigma of
HIV/AIDS in the state has resulted in a backlash against lifestyles
popularly associated with the illness, such as homosexuals.
Unfortunate consequences have resulted including, denial of medical
services and unjustified firings of people infected with the
disease. This situation complicates the delivery and potential
impact of awareness and prevention campaigns, though a concerted
effort has not been made to educate the public about the disease.
The “safe sex” campaign encouraging the use of condoms has not had
the desired result, and transmission rates continue to rise
primary means of infection are 92.7% sexual transmission and 6.4%
intravenous transmission. Interestingly, the most vulnerable groups
are not necessarily homosexuals and drug addicts – statistics show
almost 29% of sexually-transmitted cases are heterosexual.
Additionally, pediatric AIDS remains a problem.