Diabetes is one of the most
prevalent diseases in Baja California Sur; during 2002, 10,885 new
cases were diagnosed in the state. Diabetes can compromise vital
organs, such as the kidneys, provoking visual disability, inhibition
of blood circulation, problems with blood coagulation, and the loss
of extremities, in addition to high blood pressure.
In Baja California Sur and
throughout Mexico, diabetes is the result of a basic diet that is
rich in carbohydrates and sugars, combined with a general lack of
physical activity. Diabetes is also linked to long-term arsenic
ingestion, which has been located in groundwater wells in 34
communities around the state (also discussed in the environment
section). The state health sector covers diabetes treatment, but an
emphasis on prevention could be an effective way to curb the high
incidence of new cases in the state. Considering its health
impacts, prevention of diabetes, could be seen as prevention of a
host of other health-related problems.
Programs have been
implemented by the IMSS, as well as through nonprofits, including
training courses on cooking and baking for diabetics, disease
characteristics, arterial hypertension, first aid, and sexual
health, so that family members will be able to offer in-home support
and more integrated attention to patients.