municipality of La Paz is composed of hills and mountains that
surround the tectonic-erosive La Paz valley. The municipality
possesses significant solar energy, fishery resources, and
tourism resources particularly associated with its coastline and
nearby islands. It is, however, in this area that a series of
environmentally-degrading processes are accumulating, associated
with uncontrolled growth of urban areas and roads,
over-exploitation of aquifers, inadequate waste disposal,
coastal pollution, and degradation and substitution of natural
population of La Paz in general, and the environmental sector in
particular, is monitoring existing and proposed coastal
developments, such as the planned “Paraíso del Mar” tourist
development on the Mogote peninsula and another planned for
Balandra Bay, as well as Costa Baja, Bahía de Los Sueños,
Tecolote, Caleritas-Coyote, and Todos Santos. The destruction
of mangrove swamps and vegetation, reduction in public access to
fishing and recreational areas, as well as the high level of
impact on water consumption in the city, are several issues that
local citizens are watching.
and ecological ordinance,efficient
and environmental conservation
instruments, along with the control and prevention of pollution,
should be the foundation for decision-makers to improve the
quality of life for the inhabitants of the city and the
For example, the “Alternative Futures for La Paz” study in 2004
showed that 25% of the region’s wells were at risk for saline
intrusion, especially those providing municipal drinking water.
With improvements to water and sewer infrastructure,
conservation measures, and good planning, the municipality could
relieve the pressure on its taxed groundwater system.
Environmental education is also a priority. There are few
communication campaigns, although some school programs are
teaching an environmental ethic. The Ocean Oasis movie
has been a wonderful tool for describing the marine resources
that lie just offshore of many of the populated urban areas but
more remains to be done as many of La Paz’s children,
particularly those living in the city’s poorer neighborhoods,
remain disconnected to the Sea of Cortez and its biodiversity.
Audiences such as housewives, businessmen, and government
officials could also benefit from targeted environmental
training and awareness campaigns.