municipality enjoys an extensive coastline along the Sea of Cortez
where aquaculture, ecotourism, and adventure tourism activities,
such as trekking, sport fishing, kayaking, and camping, are
possible. Coastal fishing must be subjected to rigorous fisheries
management, and the resources available could foster projects for
farming some species.
natural landscape that exists in the city of La Paz contains
significant potential for additional tourism development.
Ecotourism projects that take advantage of the desert landscape,
virgin beaches, marine fauna, and cave paintings could be an
effective development tool. Also, fixing up and promoting
historical and cultural sites (such as the missions, mines, and
towns with age-old traditions and customs) could help La Paz to
attract new tourists, and hence create jobs for its growing
population. Additionally, the region is suited to and has
experience working in high-quality handicrafts.
has been one of the most important industries in the past. From the
late 1800s to the mid-1900s, pearl fishing dominated the regional
economy. In 1940, when this fishery collapsed, local fishermen
switched to shark, but by 1950, this fishery had also collapsed. It
was only after 1950, that La Paz because the tourist destination
that it is today.
As to the city’s fishing activities, the city’s scientific and
technological infrastructure, its human capital, and 37.3 miles of
coastline are well able to support expanded aquaculture activity.
However, native aquaculture species must be fostered as an
alternative to crops such as pearls, but only if adequate
environmental impact assessments and monitoring programs are in
Financing and micro-credit programs are also needed to support the
financial needs of development projects. Additionally, the area
between the city’s malecón and its historic core needs to be
visually integrated and redeveloped, with a balance among buildings,
roads, green areas, and La Paz Bay. Remodeling of the coastal malecón must also continue, while other works need to be
undertaken to restore and preserve buildings deemed to be historical
monuments in the city (including Teatro Juárez, the
Palacio Municipal [City Hall], and historic homes), which will,
in turn, help to enhance cultural activities.
rural areas of La Paz, poverty, marginalization, and scarce job
alternatives trigger the migration of the young population to urban
centers, limiting the feasibility of carrying out alternative
productive projects in rural areas. In view of these problems,
local productive projects that add value to primary production
should be supported. Designing and operating technological and
financial tools that are accessible to the population will bring
educational and training possibilities to the region.
communities need better information and training, exacerbated by
poor communication between institutions and residents when devising
development strategies. Further, the lack of a cohesive development
strategy has led to a lack of productive opportunities for job and
revenue creation. The obvious result is increased poverty, high
rates of migration, and damage to the local ecosystem.